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Details about  EPOXY RESIN CLEAR THIN HIGH GLOSS IMPACT RESISTANCE FOOD SAFE WOOD COATING 96.OZ

EPOXY RESIN CLEAR THIN HIGH GLOSS IMPACT RESISTANCE FOOD SAFE WOOD COATING 96.OZ
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Approximately S$ 60.89(including postage)
 
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Last updated on  Oct 07, 2014 03:17:18 SGT  View all revisions

Item specifics

Condition:

New with tags

Type:

HIGH IMPACT EPOXY RESIN

Model:

MAX CLR A/B

High Impact Epoxy resin:

Stitch and Tape Kayak Epoxy Resin

Country/Region of Manufacture:

United States

Fiberglass Epoxy resin:

Carbon Fiber Epoxy resin

FOOD SAFE PROTECTIVE COATING:

FDA CFR 175.125 COMPLIANT FOR HERMETIC COATING

Brand:

MAX EPOXY RESIN SYSTEM

MAX CLR A/B
CLEAR LIQUID RESIN

96-OUNCE KIT

(3/4 OF A GALLON COMBINED VOLUME)

½-GALLON OF RESIN AND 1-QUART CURING AGENT

In our efforts to keep cost down the, packaging containers may be different than the picture shown. 

Clearest Epoxy Resin System Available At This Price

Longer Pot Life --- Higher Impact Resistance -- Resiliency and Flexibility

The Lowest Viscosity Formulation For Fast Fiber Wet-Out and Flow

100% Reactive, No Excessive Plasticizer Fillers

Silicone-based Wetting Agents Free For Clarity

Balanced Working Time For Dry and Wet Lay-up

Excellent Gloss and Color Retention, Non-Blushing

Excellent For Fiberglass, Carbon Fiber, Aramid Fibers (Kevlar, Nomex)

Excellent Impact Resistance

Excellent Balance of Strength and Flexibility

Excellent Water/Salt Water Resistant for Marine/Aero Applications

Excellent Chemical and Solvent Resistance

Low Shrinkage, Wide range of service temperature

Tested For Aerospace Application Under NASA Low Out Gassing Specifications

Approved Formulation For Indirect/Direct Food Contact 

Conforms To Food and Drug Administration 

CFR 175.300, CFR 178.170, CFR 175.105


BEST VIEWED USING GOOGLE CHROME BROWSER

FORMULATED FOR ITS HIGH IMPACT AND CRYSTAL CLARITY AND COLOR STABILITY


MAX CLR COMPARED TO COMPETITIVE EPOXY SYSTEM CLAIMING CRYSTAL CLARITY

MAX CLR RESIN SYSTEM

For Fabricating Color Stable Parts
MAX CLR COMES IN SEVERAL VERSIONS AND KIT SIZES


THE MAX CLR SERIES OF EPOXY RESIN IS PRIMARILY FORMULATED FOR

CRYSTAL COLOR CLARITY

COLOR STABILITY THAT EXHIBITS LEAST DARKENING OR YELLOWING OVER TIME**

VERY HIGH GLOSS AND SURFACE DURABILITY

IMPACT RESISTANCE

EASE OF USE 2:1 MIX RATIO BY WEIGHT OR VOLUME

EXCELLENT ADHESION TO NUMEROUS SUBSTRATE


GENERAL CASTING WITH MAX CLR A/B RESIN SYSTEM

HOW TO MAKE AN ORGONITE



FDA COMPLIANT COATING FOR DIRECT AND INDIRECT FOOD CONTACT

Wood mugs coated with MAX CLR A/B

Approved Formulation For Indirect/Direct Food Contact FDA 21 CFR 175.300 

and 

21 CFR 175.105 as an adhesive or as a coating resin system

  

PLACE CURSOR ON THE PICTURE TO PAUSE OR PLAY SLIDE SHOW

Physical Properties And Mechanical Properties

Viscosity

Density

Form and Color

800 – 1,200 cPS @ 25°C Mixed

1.10 g/cc

CLear Transparent Liquid

Mix Ratio

50 Parts B to 100 Parts A By Weight

Working Time

45 Minutes @25°C (77°F 100 gm mass)

Peak Exotherm

70°C (158°F, 100 gm mass)

Handle Time

Full Cure Time

5.5 Hours

36 Hours minimum @ 25°C (77°F)

Hardness

72± 5 Shore

Tee-Peel Strength

5.7 Lbs per inch Width

Tensile Shear Strength

1,300 psi @ 25°C (77°F)

 

800 psi @ -80°C (-112°F)

 

550 psi @ 100°C (212°F)

Elongation

9.0% @ 25°C (77°F)

Compressive Strength

2,200 psi

Heat Distortion Temp

80°C (176°F)

Other Mechanical And Physical Data Available Upon Request

PLEASE VIEW THE FOLLOWING VIDEO DEMONSTRATION REGARDING BATCH SIZE MIXING. THE RESIN USED WAS A BASE LINE DEMONSTRATIVE FORMULATION SPECIALLY PRODUCED FOR THIS PRINCIPLE DEMONSTRATION. THE FOLLOWING VIDEO DEMONSTRATES HOW THERMOSET RESINS CAN REACT WHEN MIXED IN LARGE MASS AND ALLOWED TO REACT IN A CONFINED CONTAINER.

THE MAX CLR SERIES OF EPOXY RESIN IS PRIMARILY FORMULATED FOR

CRYSTAL COLOR CLARITY

COLOR STABILITY THAT EXHIBITS LEAST DARKENING OR YELLOWING OVER TIME

VERY HIGH GLOSS AND SURFACE DURABILITY

IMPACT RESISTANCE

EASE OF USE 2:1 MIX RATIO BY WEIGHT OR VOLUME

EXCELLENT ADHESION TO NUMEROUS SUBSTRATES

FDA COMPLIANT COATING FOR DIRECT AND INDIRECT FOOD CONTACT

MAX CLR RESIN SYSTEM

For Fabricating Color Stable Parts
MAX CLR COMES IN SEVERAL OTHER VERSIONS AND KIT SIZES

THE MAX CLR SERIES OF EPOXY RESIN S PRIMARILY FORMULATED FOR

CRYSTAL COLOR CLARITY

COLOR STABILITY THAT EXHIBITS LEAST DARKENING OR YELLOWING OVER TIME**

VERY HIGH GLOSS AND SURFACE DURABILITY

IMPACT RESISTANCE

EASE OF USE 2:1 MIX RATIO BY WEIGHT OR VOLUME

EXCELLENT ADHESION TO NUMEROUS SUBSTRATES

FDA COMPLIANT COATING FOR DIRECT AND INDIRECT FOOD CONTACT

LOW VISCOSITY VERSION EXTENDED POT LIFE AND IMPROVED FLEXIBILITY

24 OUNCE KIT

96 OUNCE KIT

1.5 GALLON KIT

30% FASTER SETTING VERSION

24 OUNCE KIT

1.5 GALLON

HIGH PERFORMANCE VERSION WITH HIGHER HEAT RESISTANCE,TOUGHNESS AND SURFACE HARDNESS

24 OUNCE KIT

96 OUNCE KIT

1.5 GALLON KIT

7.5 GALLON COMBINED VOLUME

IMPROVED DEGASSING AND SURFACE QUALITY

MAX CLR TC 96 OZ KIT

NEED MORE INFORMATION?

Please visit our YouTube Channel to view our video demonstrations

PolymerProductsPCI on YouTube 

COLD TEMPERATURE NOTICE

DURING THE COLDER SEASONS THE RESIN AND CURING AGENT SHOULD BE WARMED TO AT LEAST 75°F to 80°F (21°C to 27°C) PRIOR TO USE TO REDUCE ITS VISCOSITY, REDUCE AIR BUBBLE ENTRAPMENT, MAINTAIN ITS WORKING TIME AND INSURE PROPER CURE. IN SOME CASES THE RESIN OR PART A MAY APPEAR TO BE CLOUDY OR SOLIDIFIED, WHICH IS AN INDICATION OF RESIN CRYSTALLIZATION.

HEAT PROCESSED

PARTIALLY CRYSTALIZED

CRYSTALLIZED SOLID

USE BELOW 80°F

DO NOT USE UNLESS PROCESSED

DO NOT USE UNLESS PROCESSED

THE COLD TEMPERATURE EXPOSURE CAN OCCUR DURING TRANSPORT OR DELIVERY OF THE KIT WERE THE PACKAGE CAN BE EXPOSED TO TEMPERATURES BELOW 50°F AND CAUSE THE RESIN TO CRYSTALLIZE OR DEVELOP SEED CRYSTALS. ONCE A SEED CRYSTAL DEVELOPS, CRYSTALLIZATION CAN STILL OCCUR EVEN IF STORED AT THE PROPER STORAGE TEMPERATURE.

DO NOT THROW AWAY OR USE THE RESIN UNTIL IT HAS BEEN MELTED BACK TO A FREE-FLOWING LIQUID PHASE BY GENTLE HEATING 120°F TO 150°F.

THE HIGH PURITY EPOXY COMPONENT AND THE ABSENCE OF ANY PLASTICIZERS AND OTHER NON-REACTIVE IMPURITIES IN ITS FORMULATION ARE SOME OF THE MANY KEY FACTORS THAT CONTROLS ITS HIGH PERFORMANCE PROPERTIES.

THE COLD TEMPERATURE WILL ALSO MAKE THE RESIN MUCH THICKER THAN THE STATED VISCOSITY AND WORKING TIME VALUES AS STATED ON THE PHYSICAL TABLES CHART. THIS WILL REDUCE THE POLYMER'S REACTION RATE AND EXTEND ITS CURE TIME. THIS CAN RECTIFIED BY PRE-WARMING BOTH COMPONENT AND USING THE MIXED RESIN IN A CONTROLLED TEMPERATURE ENVIRONMENT NO COOLER THAN 70°F .

COMMON AND NOTICEABLE THE EFFECTS OF COLD TEMPERATURE EXPOSURE

HIGHER OR THICKER VISCOSITY
GRAINY OR CHUNKY CONSISTENCY
LESS ACCURACY IN VOLUMETRIC MEASUREMENT DUE TO ITS THICKER CONSISTENCY
CRYSTALLIZE OR SOLIDIFIED RESIN THAT WILL APPEAR AS A WHITE WAX-LIKE CONSISTENCY
MORE BUBBLE ENTRAPMENT DURING MIXING
SLOWER REACTIVITY, LONGER CURE TIMES, POOR CURE
LOWER CURED PERFORMANCE DUE TO NONE FULL CURE POLYMERIZATION

PROCESSING EPOXY RESINS

TO COUNTERACT THE EFFECTS OF THE COLD TEMPERATURE EXPOSURE, WARM THE RESIN GENTLY BY PLACING IT IN A PLASTIC BAG AND IMMERSE IT IN HOT WATER OR PLACE THE CONTAINERS IN A WARM ROOM AND ALLOW IT TO ACCLIMATE UNTIL IT IS A VERY CLEAR AND LIQUEFIED.

ALLOW THE RESIN TO COOL 75°F TO 80°F MAXIMUM BEFORE ADDING THE CURING AGENT.
TO PAUSE OR PLAY THE FOLLOWING SLIDE SHOWS,
PLACE THE CURSOR ON THE PICTURE TO ACTIVATE VIEWING CONTROLS

TO MELT THE CRYSTALLIZED RESIN FASTER HIGHER PROCESSING TEMPERATURE CAN BE UTILIZED BY PLACING IT IN A PLASTIC BAG OR MAKE SURE THAT THE LID IS SECURED TO PREVENT WATER FROM ENTERING THE CONTAINER AND IMMERSE IT IN HOT WATER , 140°F TO 180°F UNTIL ALL TRACES OF THE CRYSTALLIZED RESIN IS ONCE AGAIN A CLEAR LIQUID. THE CONTAINER CAN WITHSTAND 212°F (BOILING POINT OF WATER).

THE RESIN SHOULD REVERT BACK INTO A LIQUID IN LESS THAN 20 MINUTES. ALLOW THE RESIN TO COOL BELOW 80°F BEFORE ADDING THE CURING AGENT. A POLYMER RESIN'S PHYSICAL PROPERTY SUCH AS ITS VISCOSITY AND CURE RATE ARE HIGHLY AFFECTED BY TEMPERATURE.

CAUTION

ALTHOUGH THE POLYMERIZATION HAS SLOWED DUE TO THE COLDER AMBIENT CONDITIONS MIXING THE RESIN AND CURING AGENT ABOVE 80°F AS IT WILL CAUSE RAPID POLYMERIZATION AND HIGH EXOTHERMIC HEAT BUILD-UP THAT CAN EXCEED 300°F EXOTHERMIC HEAT WHEN KEPT IN MASS.

DO NOT HEAT AND MIX THE RESIN OR CURING AGENT BEYOND 90°F AS IT MAY CAUSE RAPID AND UNCONTROLLABLE REACTION.

THE BEST WORKING CONDITION IS TO PREWARM THE RESIN AND CURING AGENT TO 70°F TO 75°F PRIOR TO MIXING AND ALLOW IT TO CURE AT AN AMBIENT TEMPERATURE NO LOWER THAN 65°F FOR AT LEAST 24 HOURS.


USE THESE THEORETICAL FACTORS THAT RELATES TO ANY UNDILUTED EPOXY RESIN AS A GUIDE:

1 GALLON = 231 CUBIC INCHES

1 GALLON OF RESIN CAN COVERS 1608 SQUARE FEET

1 MIL OR 0.001 INCH CURED COATING THICKNESS

1 GALLON OF RESIN IS 128 OUNCES

1 GALLON OF MIXED EPOXY RESIN IS 9.23 POUNDS

1 GALLON OF RESIN IS 3.7854 LITERS­



IMPACT TESTING OF MAX CLR RESIN SYSTEM

What is impact testing?

Impact testing is one of the most revealing test methods that demonstrate a material's ability to resist and withstand a high-rate of pressure loading. The cured polymer’s behavior during and after the impact strike can define its maximum mechanical property and the fabricator can establish the conditional limits of the fabricated part during the design phase of the fabrication.

Why is Impact Testing Important?

The impact resistance of an object provides the ultimate measure of its resistance to its definitive destruction. Governed by the many laws and dynamics of physics, the fabricator can determine the design equilibrium and ultimate performance by careful analysis of the material’s disassociation and the manner of its destruction.

Adobe Flash Player must be installed in your computer to view the demonstration video. 
Click on the box if you see a blank screen and a dialog box will open and download the latest version of the Adobe Player

BASIC EPOXY RESIN MIXING AND USAGE APPLICATIONS

PLEASE VIEW THE FOLLOWING VIDEO FOR THE PROPER MIXING OF EPOXY RESINS. IT DEMONSTRATES THE PROPER TECHNIQUE OF MIXING ANY TYPE OF EPOXY RESIN. THE PROPER CURE AND FINAL PERFORMANCE OF ANY EPOXY RESIN SYSTEM IS HIGHLY DEPENDENT ON THE QUALITY AND THOROUGHNESS OF THE MIX. THE RESIN AND CURING AGENT MUST BE MIXED TO HOMOGENEOUS CONSISTENCY

CLICK ON THE PICTURE TO PAUSE OR PLAY SLIDE SHOW

THE PROPER CURE AND FINAL PERFORMANCE OF ANY EPOXY RESIN SYSTEM IS HIGHLY DEPENDENT ON THE QUALITY AND THOROUGHNESS OF THE MIXING QUALITY. THE RESIN AND CURING AGENT MUST BE MIXED TO HOMOGENEOUS CONSISTENCY TO ACHIEVE PROPER CURE AND TACK FREE RESULTS.

Macromedia Adobe Flash Player must be installed in your computer to view the demonstration video. 

Click on the box if you see a blank screen and a dialog box will open and download the latest version of the Adobe Player 



MORE iNSTRUCTIONAL VIDEOS AT OUR YOUTUBE CHANNEL
https://www.youtube.com/user/PolymerProductsPCI/videos

EMBEDDING AND THICK COATINGS APPLICATION

Click the following link to download the bulletin

ROD HAMS TABLETOP PROJECT, A LESSON IN SYNERGY

PLACE CURSOR ON THE PICTURE TO PAUSE AND PLAY SLIDE SHOW

CLICK ON THE PICTURE TO PAUSE OR PLAY SLIDE SHOW

COUNTERTOP RECOATING

Please click on the links below for all other materials used for this application

MAX BOND THIXOTROPIC ADHESIVE

MAX COLOR PIGMENT CONCENTRATES 


MAX Blue Concentrate

MAX White Concentrate

MAX Yellow Concentrate

MAX Red Concentrate

Please download the following bulletin to learn more about tabletop and bar top coatings

CLICK ON THE PICTURE TO PAUSE OR PLAY SLIDE SHOW


PROTECTIVE TOP COAT FOR MOSAIC TILE, 

ART WORK   

EMBEDDING AND CASTINGS

CLICK ON THE PICTURE TO PAUSE OR PLAY SLIDE SHOW

SAFE TO USE ON POLYSTYRENE (EPS) FOAM FOR SURFBOARD LAMINATING

Also performs well on other surfboard foam cores such as polyurethane, polyisocyanurate, polyethylene and other low density foam cores

This is the clearest epoxy resin available at this price with well documented mechanical properties.

MAX CLR RESIN SYSTEM

Is an excellent resin system applications where color stability and water clarity is crucial

Scientific Specimen Preservation
Casting Resin
Kayak, Canoe Stitch and Tape
Surfboard Fiberglass Laminating Resin
Craft Decoupage Resin
High Gloss Bar Counter Top Coating
Plaque Coatings
Clear Castings
Chemical Resistant Coatings

MAX CLR A/B can be used for large castings by pouring 

the resin in steps or stages until the desired volume is achieved

MAX CLR can be cut or ground to shaped and polished to high gloss finish.

This process will also increase scratch resistance and surface luster

Polishing Procedure

Allow to fully cure for 48 hours before grinding 

  • Cut or grind to shape 

  • Sand 400 grit wet dry 

  • Wet sand with 1600-grit sand paper 

  • Polish with abrasive free wax or polish. 


For Bonding Applications

To insure a strong bond, items or substrates to be bonded must be clean and free from contaminants such dust, grease, oils and other foreign materials.

Please refer to our Surface Preparation Bulletin for suggested surface cleaning method And Proper Bonding Techniques. Apply via brush or roller coat properly mixed resin on both substrates and clamp or apply adequate pressure so that a thin bond line is achieved, approximately .003 to .007 inch minimum bondline thickness. Allow to cure overnight. Clean up excess resin run off before it has a chance to set-up using a rag dampen with acetone or MEK.

Easy 2:1 Parts by Volume Mix Ratio, Brush, Roller Coat, Pour Applied

  • The Clearest Epoxy Resin System Available

  • The Lowest Viscosity Formulation For Fast Fiber Wet-Out and Flow

  • 100% Reactive, No Excessive Plasticizer Fillers

  • Silicone-based Wetting Agents Free for Excellent EMBEDDING Adhesion

  • Balanced Working Time For Dry and Wet Lay-up

  • Excellent Gloss and Color Retention, Non-Blushing

  • Excellent For Fiberglass, Carbon Fiber, Aramid Fibers (Kevlar, Nomex)

  • Excellent Impact Resistance

  • Excellent Balance of Strength and Flexibility

  • Excellent Water/Salt Water Resistant for Marine/Aero Applications

  • Excellent Chemical and Solvent Resistance

  • Low Shrinkage, Wide range of service temperature

  • Tested For Aerospace Application Under NASA Low Out Gassing Specifications

  • Approved Formulation For Indirect/Direct Food Contact FDA 21 CFR 175 105


Usage And Applications Instructions

When choosing laminating resins, it is important that the formulation is 100% reactive, meaning that it contains very little no plasticizers and solvents that other formulators use to lower the viscosity of the resin system..

Plasticizers and solvents are also used as liquid fillers to reduce the cost but sacrificing overall cured performance. Our MAX CLR is formulated with 100% reactive, high purity grade epoxy resin and a specially

formulated curing agent, giving it the best performance compared to our competitors.

 We have sold thousands of pounds of our MAX CLR formulations to many composite manufacturers.

MAX CLR is a versatile, tough and resilient epoxy resin that can be used for many other applications such as: 

  • Marine and Aircraft Composite Fabrication

  • Hobby and Crafts Adhesive/Coating

  • Protective and Decorative Coatings

  • Electronic Potting, Insulating, Encapsulating

  • Clear Plastic Laminating

  • Swimming Pool Coatings

  • Potable Water Tank Lining

  • Clear Penetrating Gel Coat Repair For Sealing Cracks

MAX CLR can be machined, milled, drilled and tapped using hand tools or precision machines. Machining marks can be polished using traditional polishing techniques
Just measure out two parts Part A to one part Part B, mix and apply and allow to cure overnight. It has a 45-minute working time and can be handled in 6 hours. Handling strength will develop in 10 hours 

of room temperature curing and will fully cure within 24 to 36 hours. Heat curing is also ideal for a faster cure time.

The mixed consistency is similar to a very light syrup (800 cPs).


Included with every kit is a copy of MSDS, DATA SHEET and our Comprehensive "Surface Preparation and Applications Bulletin" which contains a wealth of information high performance bonding technology.

ADOBE FLASH PLAYER MUST BE INSTALLED IN YOUR COMPUTER TO VIEW THE FOLLOWING SLIDE SHOWS AND VIDEOS.


Composite Fabricating Basics

By resolute definition, a fabricated COMPOSITE material is a manufactured collection of two or more ingredients or products intentionally combined to form a new homogeneous material that is defined by its performance that should uniquely greater than the sum of its individual parts.

This principle is also defined as SYNERGISTIC COMPOSITION.

COMPOSITE MATERIAL COMPOSITION

REINFORCING FABRIC---------+---------IMPREGNATING RESIN

PLUS

ENGINEERED PROCESS

GENERAL USAGE AND APPLICATION OF EPOXY RESINS BASIC FIBERGLASSING TECHNIQUE VIDEO

Adobe Flash Player must be installed in your computer to view the demonstration video.

EQUALS

STRUCTURAL STRENGTH COMPOSITE LAMINATE

With respect to the raw materials selection(fabric and resin), the fabricating process and the intended composite properties,

these 3 aspects must be carefully considered and in the engineering phase of the composite.

The following are some of the basic steps and guidelines for consideration.

Step One: Fabric Selection

TYPES OF FABRIC WEAVE STYLE AND SURFACE FINISHING

FOR RESIN TYPE COMPATIBILITY

PLAIN WEAVE

Is a very simple weave pattern and the most common style. The warp and fill yarns are interlaced over and under each other in alternating fashion. Plain weave provides good stability, porosity and the least yarn slippage for a given yarn count.

8 HARNESS SATIN WEAVE

The eight-harness satin is similar to the four-harness satin except that one filling yarn floats over seven warp yarns and under one.This is a very pliable weave and is used for forming over curved surfaces.

4 HARNESS SATIN WEAVE

The four-harness satin weave is more pliable than the plain weave and is easier to conform to curved surfaces typical in reinforced plastics. In this weave pattern there is a three by one interfacing where a filling yarn floats over three warp yarns and under one.

2x2 TWILL WEAVE

Twill weave is more pliable than the plain weave and has better drivability while maintaining more fabric stability than a four or eight harness satin weave. The weave pattern is characterized by a diagonal rib created by one warp yarn floating over at least two filling yarns.

COMMERCIAL FIBERGLASS-FABRIC WEAVER

Finishing Cross Reference

And

Resin Type Compatibility

RESIN COMPATIBILITY

Burlington Industries

Clark Schwebel

J.P Stevens

Uniglass Industries

Epoxy, Polyester

VOLAN A

VOLAN A

VOLAN A

VOLAN A

Epoxy, Polyester

I-550

CS-550

S-550

UM-550

Phenolic, Melamine

I-588

A1100

A1100

A1100

Epoxy, Polyimide

I-589

Z6040

S-920

UM-675

Epoxy

I-399

CS-272A

S-935

UM-702

Epoxy


CS-307


UM-718

Epoxy


CS-344


UM-724

Silicone

112

112


n-pH (neutral pH)


Satin Weave Style For Contoured Parts Fabricating

These styles of fabrics are one of the easiest fabrics to use and it is ideal for laying up cowls, fuselages, ducts and other contoured surfaces with minimal distortions.

The fabric is more pliable and can comply with complex contours and spherical shapes. Because of its tight weave style, satin weaves are typically used as the surface ply for heavier and courser weaves.

This technique helps reduce fabric print through and requires less gel coat to create a smoother surface.

SATIN WEAVE TYPE CONFORMITY UNTO CURVED SHAPES

CLICK ON THE SLIDE SHOW TO PAUSE OR PLAY

Plain Weaves, Bi-axial, Unidirectional Styles For Directional High Strength Parts

Use this weave style cloth when high strength parts are desired. It is ideal for reinforcement, mold making, aircraft and auto parts tooling, marine and other composite lightweight applications.

PLAIN WEAVE STYLE FOR HIGH STRENGTH

CLICK ON THE PICTURE TO PAUSE OR PLAY SLIDE SHOW

Please visit our ebay store for all available composite fabric suitable for your needs.

Step Two: Choose the best epoxy resin system for the job

The principal role of the resin is to bind the fabric into a homogenous rigid substrate

called a composite laminate or FRP- FIBER REINFORCED PLASTIC.

The epoxy resin used in fabricating a laminate will dictate how the FRP will perform when load or pressure is implied on the part.

To choose the proper resin system consider the following factors that is crucial to a laminate's performance.

SIZE AND CONFIGURATION OF THE PART

(NUMBER OF PLIES AND CONTOURED, FLAT OR PROFILED)

CONSOLIDATING FORCE

(FREE STANDING DRY OR HAND LAY-UP, VACUUM BAG OR PLATEN PRESS CURING)

CURING CAPABILITIES

(HEAT CURED OR ROOM TEMPERATURE CURED)

LOAD PARAMETERS

(SHEARING FORCE, TORSIONAL AND DIRECTIONAL LOAD, BEAM STRENGTH)

ENVIRONMENTAL EXPOSURE

(OPERATING TEMPERATURE, AMBIENT CONDITIONS, HUMIDITY, CHEMICAL EXPOSURE, CYCLIC FORCE LOADING)

MATERIAL AND PRODUCTION COST

(BUYING IN BULK WILL ALWAYS PROVIDE THE BEST OVERALL COSTS AS WELL AS DOING IT RIGHT THE FIRST TIME)

These factors will dictate the design and the composition of the part and must be carefully considered during the design and engineering phase of the fabrication.


ENGINEERED EPOXY FORMULATIONS BASED ON APPLICATION

MAX BOND THIXOTROPIC A/B MARINE GRADE HIGH STRENGTH ADHESIVE

MAX BOND THIXOTROPIC 1/2 GALLON KIT 

MAX BOND LOW VISCOSITY A/B MARINE GRADE STRUCTURAL FIBERGLASSING EPOXY RESIN 

MAX BOND LOW VISCOSITY 1 GALLON KIT

MAX HTE A/B HIGH TEMPERATURE EPOXY RESIN SYSTEM

MAX HTE 80 OZ KIT 

MAX PCR A/B WOOD ROT REPAIR & PROTECTIVE COATING RESIN

MAX PCR 1.5 GALLON KIT 

MAX GRE A/B GASOLINE RESISTANT EPOXY RESIN

MAX GRE  48 OUNCE KIT


MAX GPE YELLOW A/B 1.5 GALLON KIT

MAX GPE RED A/B 1.5-GALLON KIT

MAX GPE BLUE A/B 1/5-GALLON KIT

MAX GPE WHITE A/B 1.5 GALLON KIT

MAX GPE BLACK A/B 1.5 GALLON KIT


MAX GPE A/B CLEAR LOW COST GENERAL PURPOSE EPOXY RESIN

MAX GPE A/B CLEAR 

MAX CLR CLEAR LIQUID RESIN SYSTEM**

LOW VISCOSITY VERSION EXTENDED POT LIFE AND IMPROVED FLEXIBILITY

24 OUNCE KIT

96 OUNCE KIT

1.5 GALLON KIT

MAX CLR FAST 30% FASTER SETTING VERSION

24 OUNCE KIT

1.5 GALLON KIT

MAX CLR-HP HIGH PERFORMANCE VERSION WITH HIGHER HEAT RESISTANCE,TOUGHNESS AND SURFACE HARDNESS

24 OUNCE KIT

96 OUNCE KIT

1.5 GALLON KIT

7.5 GALLON KIT

MAX CLR TC IMPROVED DEGASSING AND SURFACE QUALITY

 MAX CLR TC FOR TOP COAT USE ONLY 96 OUNCE KIT

MAX CLR TC

** AN ALIPHATIC BASED TOP COAT REQUIRED FOR OUTDOOR AND DIRECT SUNLIGHT APPLICATION

MAX SEAL TOPCOAT

NON YELLOWING ALIPHATIC POLYURETHANE TOPCOAT

Photobucket - Video and Image Hosting

NOTE HOW THE WATER BEADS WHEN THE WATER IS APPLIED OVER THE COATED AREA

 MAX SEAL 1 QUART

MAX SEAL 1 GALLON

MAX BOND LOW VISCOSITY FOR MARINE APPLICATIONS

MAX GPE FOR GENERAL CONSTRUCTION LOW COST APPLICATIONS

SAFE TO USE ON POLYSTYRENE FOAM

MAX CLR HP CRYSTAL CLEAR HIGH PERFORMANCE APPLICATION

MAX HTE FOR HIGH TEMPERATURE RESISTANCE APPLICATIONS

MAX HTE A/B

Specimens were cured 3 Hours at 25˚C plus 2 Hours At 155˚C

CLICK ON THE PICTURE TO PAGE OR PLAY

Step Three: Proper Lay-Up Technique

Pre-lay-up notes

Layout the fabric and precut to size and set aside

  • Avoid distorting the weave pattern as much as possible

  • For fiberglass molding, insure the mold is clean and adequate mold release is used

  • View our video presentation above "MAX EPOXY RESIN MIXING TECHNIQUE"

  • Mix the resin only when all needed materials and implements needed are ready and within reach

Mix the proper amount of resin needed and be accurate proportioning the resin and curing agent. Adding more curing agent than the recommended mix ratio will not promote a faster cure. Over saturation or starving the fiberglass or any composite fabric will yield poor mechanical performance. When mechanical load or pressure is applied on the composite laminate, the physical strength of the fabric should bear the stress and not the resin. If the laminate is over saturated with the resin it will most likely to fracture or shatter instead of rebounding and resist damage.

Don’t how much resin to use to go with the fiberglass?

A good rule of thumb is to maintain a minimum of 30 to 35% resin content by weight, this is the optimum ratio used in high performance prepreg (or pre-impregnated fabrics) typically used in aerospace and high performance structural application.For general hand lay-ups, calculate using 60% fabric weight to 40% resin weight as a safe factor. This will insure that the fabricated laminate will be below 40% resin content depending on the waste factor accrued during fabrication.

Place the entire precut fiberglass to be used on a digital scale to determine the fabric to resin weight ratio. Measuring by weight will insure accurate composite fabrication and repeatability, rather than using OSY data.

Typical fabric weights regardless of weave pattern

1 yard of 8 OSY fabric at 38 inches wide weighs 224 grams

1 yard of 10 OSY fabric at 38 inches wide weighs 280 grams

Ounces per square yard or OSY is also know as aerial weight which is the most common unit of measurement for composite fabrics.

To determine how much resin is needed to adequately impregnate the fiberglass, use the following equation:

(Total Weight of Fabric divided by 60%)X( 40%)= weight of mixed resin needed

OR

fw= fabric weight

rc= target resin content

rn=resin needed

MASTER EQUATION

(fw/60%)x(40%)=rn

FOR EXAMPLE

1 SQUARE YARD OF 8-OSY FIBERGLASS FABRIC WEIGHS 224 GRAMS

(224 grams of dry fiberglass / 60%) X 40% = 149.33 grams of resin needed

So for every square yard of 8-ounce fabric,

It will need 149.33 grams of mixed resin.

Computing for resin and curing agent requirements based on

149.33 grams of resin needed

MIX RATIO OF RESIN SYSTEM IS 2:1 OR

50 PHR (per hundred resin)

2 = 66.67% (2/3)

+

1 = 33.33%(1/3)

=

(2+1)=3 or (66.67%+33.33%)=100% or (2/3+1/3)= 3/3

149.33x 66.67%= 99.56 grams of Part A RESIN

149.33x 33.33%= 49.77 grams of Part B Curing Agent

      99.56+ 49.77 = 149.33 A/B MIXTURE

      GENERAL FIBERGLASSING AND FRP FABRICATION
 A 4 X 8 FEET 3/8 INCH THICK FIBERGLASS PANEL WAS FABRICATED WITH 18 PLIES OF 24 OUNCE FIBERGLASS ROVING IMPREGNATED WITH 
MAX GPE RESIN SYSTEM. 
THE PANEL WAS VACUUM CURED FOR 24 HOURS AT ROOM TEMPERATURE AND THEN POST CURED FOR 2 HOURS AT 200°
AND THEN TESTED USING ASTM D695 TEST PROCEDURE.
 
  
 
32 PERCENT AVERAGE RESIN CONTENT
    
 
 


DETERMINATION OF FIBER TO RESIN RATIO

PLACE CURSOR ON THE PICTURE TO PAUSE AND PLAY SLIDE SHOW

 
NOTE THE MODE OF FAILURE OF THE COMPRESSION SPECIMENS ILLUSTRATING A CROSS AXIS FROM THE TOP AND BOTTOM PF THE SPECIMEN.
UNDER MAGNIFIED EXAMINATION, EVIDENCE OF RESIN MATRIX RESIDUE WAS PRESENT ON EACH PLY OF THE FIBERGLASS, THIS MODE OF FAILURE DENOTES A COHESIVE
FAILURE OR A DIRECT SPLITTING OF THE RESIN ITSELF.
 
15,116 PSI MAXIMUM COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH


Common Factors Of 100% Solids (Zero volatiles and unfilled epoxy resin)

1 gallon of resin = 4239 grams (1.12 g/cc)

1 gallon = 128 fluid ounces

1 gallon of resin = 231 cubic inches

1 fluid ounce of resin = 33.17 grams

Apply the mixed resin unto the surface and then lay the fabric and allow the resin to saturate through the fabric.

NOT THE OTHER WAY AROUND

This is one of the most common processing error that yields sub-standard laminates. By laying the fiberglass unto a film of resin, less air bubbles are entrapped during the wetting-out stage. Air is pushed up and outwards instead of forcing the resin through the fabric which will entrap air bubbles. This technique will displace air pockets unhindered and uniformly disperse throughout the fiberglass with minimal mechanical agitation or spreading.

Note the slide show presentation

PLACE CURSOR ON THE PICTURE TO PAUSE AND PLAY SLIDE SHOW

Typical Fiberglass Reinforcing Technique Unto A Wood Substrate

PLACE CURSOR ON THE PICTURE TO PAUSE AND PLAY SLIDE SHOW

For Vacuum Bagging Process

VACUUM BAGGING

INSTRUCTIONAL VIDEO

MAX BOND LOW VISCOSITY A/B

LAMINATE CONFIGURATION FLAT PANEL

USED FOR STRUCTURAL APPLICATIONS

ROOM TEMPERATURE CURED

HEXCEL 7781 9 OUNCE 8-HARNESS SATIN WEAVE TOP AND BOTTOM PLIE

PLUS

15 LAYERS CORE 24-OUNCE FIBERGLASS PLAIN WEAVE ROVING

LAMINATE CONFIGURATION CONTOURED SPEAKER ENCLOSURE

MAX CLR-HP A/B used

FOR CARBON FIBER CRYSTAL CLEAR HIGH PERFORMANCE SINGLE PLY 12-OUNCE 2X2 TWILL WEAVE CARBON FIBER

Given enough time and the proper selection of the fabric's surface treatment (fabric to resin compatibility), a dry fabric will seek a state equilibrium and distribute the applied resin and naturally release air bubbles entrapped within the laminate. It is then very important that the proper viscosity, working time and surface treatment of the fabric must be considered depending on the application of the composite structure. There are also fabricating techniques that can be employed to yield high performance laminates. Depending on the size of the part, processes such as high pressure pressing, vacuum bagging and vacuum assisted resin transfer molding are superior methods over hand dry lay-up. Air voids or porosity within the laminate is typically where failure propagates when load is applied(fracturing, compression failure, tearing, torque, tensile strength, creep).

VACUUM RESIN FUSION PROCESS WITH MAX 1618 A/B

ADOBE FLASH PAYER MUST BE INSTALLED IN YOUR BROWSER

http://get.adobe.com/flashplayer/


Step Four: Proper Curing
Allow the lay-up to cure for a minimum of 24 to 36  hours before handling.
Optimum cured properties can take up to 7 days depending on the ambient cure condition. 
The ideal temperature cure condition of most room temperature epoxy resin is 22 to 27 degrees Celsius at 20% relative humidity.
Higher ambient curing temperatures will promote faster polymerization and development of cured mechanical properties.
Improving mechanical performance via post heat cure
 A short heat post cure will further improve the mechanical performance of most epoxy resins. Allow the applied resin system to cure at room temperature until for 18 to 24 hours and if possible, expose heat cure it in an oven  or other source of radiant heat (220°F to 250°F) for45 minute to an hour. You can also expose it to direct sunlight but place a dark colored cover, such as a tarp or cardboard to protect it from ultraviolet exposure.
In general room temperature cured epoxy resin has a maximum operating temperature of 160°F or lower
A short heat post cure will insure that the mixed epoxy system is fully cured,
especially for room temperature cured system that can take up to 7 days to achieve 100% cure
Some darkening or yellowing of the epoxy resin may occur if over exposed to high temperature (>250 F).

AMINE BLUSH
The affinity of an amine compound (curing agent) to moisture and carbon dioxide creates a carbonate compound and forms what is called amine blush. 
Amine blush is a wax-like layer that forms as most epoxies cure. If the epoxy system is cured in extreme humidity (>70%).
It will be seen as a white and waxy layer that must be removed by physical sanding of the surface followed by an acetone wipe.
Although we have formulated the MAX CLR, MAX BOND and MAX GPE product line to be resistant to amine-blush,
it is recommended not to mix any resin systems in high humidity conditions, greater than 60%.
Always make sure that the substrate or material the epoxy resin system is being applied to
 is as dry as possible to insure the best cured performance.

OTHER TYPES OF EPOXY RESIN CURE MECHANISM
LATENT CURING SYSTEMS
Latent epoxy resins are systems that are mixed together at room temperature and will begin polymerization but it will not achieve full cure unless it is exposed to a heat cure cycle. In general, these are high performance systems that demonstrate exceptional performance under extreme conditions such as high mechanical performance under heat and cryogenics temperatures, chemical resistance or any environment that epoxy room temperature system perform marginally or poorly.
  Upon the mixing of the resin and curing agent polymerization will begin and will only achieve partial cure. Some resins may appear cured or dry to the touch,  this state is called 'B-Stage Cure' ,but upon application of force will either be gummy or brittle almost glass-like and  will dissolve in most solvents. The semi-cured resin must be exposed to an elevated temperature for it to continue polymerization and achieve full cure. 
 
UV CURING SYSTEMS

Similar to "addition cure" or catalytic polymerization, Ultraviolet Curing is another method that has gained popular use in the polymer adhesives and coatings application. It offers a unique curing mechanism that converts a liquid polymer into a solid plastic upon exposure to UV radiation. The two common commercially significant method are "FREE RADICAL INITIATION" and CATIONIC REACTION. In both reaction polymerization occurs via decomposition of a Photoiniator blended within the resin system; upon exposure to adequate wavelength of Ultraviolet energy the photoinitator degrades and cause a ring opening or cleavage of the photoinitiator molecule and induces rapid polymerization or cross linking.

The polymerization reaction can be either free radical or cationic and occurs almost instantaneous creation of a polymer network.


HEAT ACTIVATED CURING SYSTEMS
This type of epoxy system will not polymerized unless it is exposed to the activation temperature of the curing agent which can be as low as 200F and as high as 400F. 
In most instances our MAX EPOXY SYSTEMS epoxy system can be stored at room temperature and remain liquid for up to six months and longer

USE AN INFRARED HEAT LAMP FOR LARGER PARTS IF A PROCESS OVEN IS NOT AVAILABLE

POSSIBLE HEAT CURING TECHNIQUES

If an oven is not available to provide the needed thermal post cure, exposing the assemble part to direct solar heat
(sun exposure) for a period will provide enough heat cure for the part to be handled.
 Other heat curing such as infrared heat lamps can be used if a heat chamber or oven is not available.
 

DON'T FORGET OUR EPOXY MIXING KIT
EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO MEASURE, MIX, DISPENSE OR APPLY ANY OF OUR 
MAX EPOXY RESIN IN ONE CONVENIENT KIT
Proportioning the correct amount is equally as important to attain the intended cured properties of the resin system.
The container in which the epoxy and curing agent is mixed is an important consideration when mixing an epoxy resin system. 
The container must withstand the tenacity of the chemical and must be free of contamination.
Most epoxy curing agent has a degree of corrosivity, as a general practice, protective gloves should be worn when handling chemicals of the same nature.
  MIXING KIT CONTENTS 
 4 each 32 ounce (1 Quart) clear HDPE plastic tubs
4 each 16 ounce (1 pint) clear HDPE plastic tubs
4 each clear HDPE plastic Lids for the plastic tubs
4 each 8 ounce (1/2-Pint) Wax Free Paper Cups
5 pairs one size fits all Powder Free Latex Gloves (Large)
6 Piece HDPE Plastic Measuring Spoon Kit
(1 tablespoon to 1/8 teaspoon)
10 Piece HDPE Plastic Measuring Cup
(1 Cup to 1/8 Teaspoon)
2 each None Sterile Graduated 10 cc Syringes
1 pack of Wooden Stir Sticks (100 disposable Chopsticks)
1 pack Assorted Size Bristle Brush (5 per pack)
     
From collectibles to electronics, buy and sell all kinds of items on eBay Stores
For Technical Support
Please Call TOLL FREE
877 403 8008
Mon-Fri
10:00 AM to 4:00 PM
Pacific Standard Time

Now Your One Stop Source
For All Your Composite Fabric Needs
ALL OF OUR MAX EPOXY RESIN SYSTEMS
ARE MADE IN THE USA
We Have Just Acquired Thousands Of Yards
 ·       Fiberglass Fabrics
·       Carbon Fiber Cloth
·       Aramid Fabrics
·       Aluminum and Phenolic Honeycomb Cores
Factory woven by one of the largest weavers and producers of composite fabrics for aerospace, marine,
electronic and structural composite materials. 
 
CLICK ON THE PICTURE TO PAUSE SLIDE SHOW

 Make sure to request for a total to get the best combined shipping cost if purchasing multiple items
Please inquiry for volume discount.
If you have any questions or special applications,
our staff polymer chemist will be more than happy to answer your questions.
 PLEASE CHECK OUT OTHER AVAILABLE
RESIN SYSTEMS AT OUR eBAY STORE
For our complete listing, please Visit our eBay store!
 
THANKS FOR STOPPING BY
 

NEED MORE INFORMATION?

Please visit our YouTube Channel to view our video demonstrations

PolymerProductsPCI on YouTube

 IMPORTANT NOTICE

Your purchase constitutes the acceptance of this disclaimer . Please review before purchasing this product. The user should thoroughly test any proposed use of this product and independently conclude satisfactory performance in the application. Likewise, if the manner in which this product is used requires government approval or clearance, the user must obtain said approval. The information contained herein is based on data believed to be accurate at the time of publication. Data and parameters cited have been obtain through publish information, PolymerProducts laboratories using materials under controlled conditions. Data of this type should not be used for specification for fabrication and design. It is the user's responsibility to determine this Composites fitness for use. There is no warranty of merchantability of fitness of use, nor any other express implied warranty. The user's exclusive remedy and the manufacturer's liability are limited to refund of the purchase price or replacement of the product within the agreed warranty period. PolymerProducts and its direct representative will not be liable for incidental or consequential damages of any kind. Determination of the suitability of any kind of information or product for the use contemplated by the user, the manner of that use and whether there is any infringement of patents is the sole liability of the user.


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